Zeitschr. The man portrayed as a tree cut down would be out of his mind (lebab, lit. Hence, as I have said, it was no common thing for Nebuchadnezzar to acknowledge God to reign in the earth; for tyrants usually enclose God in heaven, and think him content with his own happiness, and careless about mingling in the concerns of men. Daniel 4:31. Nebuchadnezzar narrates the fulfilment of the dream altogether objectively, so that he speaks of himself in the third person. 2 I thought it good to shew the signs and wonders that the high God hath wrought toward me. his kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion is from generation to generation. It is a circumstance that has occurred in recent times, as e.g., in the case of a woman in the Wrttemberg asylum for the insane." Berth., Hitz., and others find here that the author falls out of the role of the king into the narrative tone, and thus betrays the fact that some other than the king framed the edict. heart, including feelings, emotions, and affections) for "seven periods of time" (cf. 32 And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will. Thus King Nebuchadnezzar ought to be beaten with stripes, to render him submissive to God, as he never profited by any holy admonition or any heavenly oracle. Study the bible online using commentary on Daniel and more! (Grotius) --- The stars are also frequently thus described. Daniel 4:2 Context. Of the “seven times” we have spoken before. 205f., 2nd ed., and by Friedreich in Zur Bibel, i. p. 308f. Daniel 4:33. It is uncertain whether God struck this king with madness, causing him to escape and he hid for a length of time, or whether he was cast forth by a tumult and conspiracy of nobles, or even the consent of the whole people. Daniel 4:2 I thought it good to shew the signs and wonders that the high God hath wrought toward me. 1 Nebuchadnezzar the king, unto all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth; Peace be multiplied unto you. 29.) Whether, then, Nebuchadnezzar was snatched away by madness, and while he continued a maniac was separated from the society of men, or was cast forth as many tyrants have been, his dwelling with beasts for a time, becomes a memorable example to us. When he surveyed the great and magnificent city from the top of his palace, "pride overcame him," so that he dedicated the building of this great city as the house of his kingdom to the might of his power and the honour of his majesty. Ver. ספת, from סוּף, to go to an end. ', To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Daniel 4:32 And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will. p. 521, remarks, "there is nothing to perplex or that needs to be explained. der alten Hebrer, p. COL 3:13 Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also [do] ye. And they shall drive thee from men … - See the note at Daniel 4:25. At the moment when Nebuchadnezzar heard in his soul the voice from heaven, the prophecy begins to be fulfilled, the king becomes deranged, and is deprived of his royalty. עדּת denotes the matter as finished. (Job 12:18.) Daniel 4:33. But we must remember this — God mitigates the bitterness of the penalty by making it temporary. We need not fancy any change of nature; but he was cut off from all intercourse with men, and with the exception of a human form, he did not differ from the brutes, — nay, such was his deformity in his exile that, as we shall afterwards see, he became a horrid spectacle; — all the hairs of his body stood up and grew like eagles’ feathers; his claws were like those of birds. Daniel 4:32 New International Version (NIV) 32 You will be driven away from people and will live with the wild animals; you will eat grass like the ox. Ephesians 4:32(HCSB) Verse Thoughts Forgiveness was a matter that was dear to the heart of our compassionate God – and forgiveness paid a tremendous part in the redemption of mankind. And they shall drive thee from men According to the interpretation of the dream given by Daniel, which this voice from heaven confirms; (See Gill on Daniel 4:25), where the same things are said as here. Daniel 4:32 Parallel. remarks, p. 316, that, besides the neglect of the external appearance, there is also to be observed the circumstance that sometimes in psychical maladies the nails assume a peculiarly monstrous luxuriance with deformity. But the reason of his speaking of his madness in the third person, as if some other one were narrating it, lies simply in this, that in that condition he was not Ich equals Ego (Kliefoth). It was an act, then, of special grace, when Nebuchadnezzar was chastised for the time by the hand of God, to cause his repentance and his owning God’s entire sway over the whole world. He afterwards adds the kind of dominion, because God raises up whomsoever he pleases, and casts down others: God is not only supreme in the sense of sustaining’ all things by his universal providence, but because no one without his will obtains empire at all. This malady, in which men regard themselves as beasts and imitate their manner of life, is called insania zoanthropica, or, in the case of those who think themselves wolves, lycanthropia. Hence the opinion of those who extend it to seven years is more probable. Video Illustration: Daniel meets King Neb Daniel – God’s kingdom changer Series Thesis: Daniel was a man sold out to the Lord and as a result it influenced his life situations, rather than letting his life situations influence him. For the reprobate are more and more hardened against God, and are ever stirred up and excited to madness. The perf. Daniel 4:34-35 New International Version (NIV) 34 At the end of that time, I, Nebuchadnezzar, raised my eyes toward heaven, and my sanity was restored. This, then, was an ordinary effect when Nebuchadnezzar began to feel God to be the ruler in the kingdom of men, since kings wish to place him somewhere between themselves and the multitude. Key Verse: At the end of that time I, Nebuchadnezzar, looked up toward heaven. And they shall drive thee.] O king … to thee it is spoken—Notwithstanding thy kingly power, to thee thy doom is now spoken, there is to be no further respite. And they shall drive thee from men. All this is doubtful, since the history of those times is unknown to us. Daniel 4:3 How great are his signs! Ver. Here Daniel closes the interpretation of the dream, and shews how God did not treat King Nebuchadnezzar so severely by not giving way to clemency.He mitigates, indeed, the extreme rigor of the punishment, to induce Nebuchadnezzar to call upon God and repent, through indulging the hope of pardon, as a clearer exhortation will afterwards follow. The presumption of this language appears in the words, "by the strength of my might, and for the splendour (honour) of my majesty." Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Daniel 4:33: Isaiah 14:12-15 Daniel 2:39 Matthew 26:39-44 Luke 17:5-10 2 Thessalonians : Daniel 4:32 : Daniel 4:34 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and … des Alterth. 32. i. Thus it is beyond doubt that the change of person has its reason in the matter itself. His case seems much like that of the maniac in the Gospel, whose dwelling was among the tombs and in the mountains, and who shunned the society of men. The king probably believed that the God of the Jews was above his gods, the sun, fire, &c. (Calmet). With the return of the Ich, I, on the recovery from his madness, Nebuchadnezzar begins again to narrate in the first person (v. 31 34). Daniel 4:32 English Standard Version (ESV). They shall cast thee out from human society; thy dwelling shall be with wild beasts; they shall make thee eat grass like an ox! Hence, as far as they can, they shut God out from the government of the world, while they are puffed up with a false conceit of themselves, as if all things were maintained in their present state by their valor or advice. 4:32. בּית stands in this connection neither for town nor for היכל (Daniel 4:29), but has the meaning dwelling-place. EPH 4:32 And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you. Daniel 4:17; Daniel 4:32 17 The sentence is by the decree of f the watchers , the decision by the word of g the holy ones , to the end that the living may know that the Most High m rules the kingdom of men n and gives it to whom he will and o sets over it the lowliest of men . They shall make thee, etc. On the one side they confess themselves to reign by his grace; but at the same time, they suppose their own sway to be obtained by either valor or good fortune, and to be retained by their own guards, counsels, and wealth. Daniel 4:32 And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling [shall be] with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will. )....as by men." and how mighty are his wonders! Ap. 19, and of Abydenus in Eusebii praepar. 4 I, Nebuchadnezzar, was at home in my palace, contented and prosperous. Seven times will pass by for you until you acknowledge that the Most High is sovereign over all kingdoms on earth and gives them to anyone he wishes.”. Hence we have here a special example of his clemency, which provides for the punishment inflicted on King Nebuchadnezzar, being both useful and profitable. - Thou shalt be made to eat grass as oxen. i. p. 59; also the delineation of these buildings in Duncker's Gesch. Then I praised the Most High; I honored and glorified him who lives forever. It follows, — They shall expel thee from among men, and thy habitation shall be with the beasts of the field — or of the country, — they shall make thee eat grass like oxen! and how mighty are his wonders! Daniel 4:33 - Immediately the word concerning Nebuchadnezzar was fulfilled; and he was driven away from mankind and began eating grass like cattle, and his body was drenched with the dew of heaven until his hair had grown like eagles' feathers and his nails like birds' claws. Thou shalt eat the grass like an animal, and seven times shall pass over thee. And they shall drive you from men, and your dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field. Some think Nebuchadnezzar to have been changed into a beast; but this is too harsh and absurd. בּנה designates, as בּנה more frequently, not the building or founding of a city, for the founding of Babylon took place in the earliest times after the Flood (Genesis 11), and was dedicated to the god Belus, or the mythic Semiramis, i.e., in the pre-historic time; but בּנה means the building up, the enlargement, the adorning of the city מלכוּ לבּית, for the house of the kingdom, i.e., for a royal residence; cf. ix. Even world leaders! Seven years, then, shall pass away, says he, until thou shalt know that there is a lofty ruler in the kingdoms of men. Mark 4:32. Read Daniel 4:32. x. (Note: Regarding the statement, "his hair grew as the feathers of an eagle," etc., Friedr. They confess the people to be subject to God’s power, but think themselves exempt from the common order of events, and in possession of a privilege in favor of their lusts, relieving them from the hand and empire of God. Certainly it could not be in this that Nebuchadnezzar thought it unbecoming to speak in his own person of his madness; for if he had had so tender a regard for his own person, he would not have published the whole occurrence in a manifesto addressed to his subjects. 32. A voice fell from heaven. Daniel 4:34-35. And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will. He was probably rendered stupid, by God’s leaving him a human form while be deprived him of reason, as the context will make evident to us. See on Daniel 4:25, {See Trapp on "Daniel 4:25"} that new impieties work out old threatened curses, which seldom rot in the air, as we use to say of winter. Hence thou mayest know him to be the ruler. 41, and Chron. Daniel 4:32-34 King James Version (KJV). At the end of the days, I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes, &c. — The first indication of his recovery is noted by a reverse of the cause of his fall. The prophecy goes to an end when it is realized, is fulfilled. Seven times will pass by for you until you acknowledge that the Most High is sovereign over all kingdoms on earth and gives them to anyone he wishes." Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Even "as to the eating of grass," as G. Rsch, in the Deutsch. Had the king remembered that dream and its interpretation, he would scarcely have spoken so proudly of his splendid city which he had built as he does in v. 27 (Daniel 4:30). It follows: and you will be driven away from mankind, and your dwelling place will be with the beasts of the field. And you shall be made to eat grass like an ox, and seven periods of time shall pass over you, until you know that the Most High rules the kingdom of men and gives it to whom he will.” Commentary. My mind became clear again. You will be given grass to eat like cattle, and seven periods of time will pass over you until you recognize that the Most High is ruler over the realm of mankind and bestows it on whomever He wishes. - Daniel 4:34a Props: A modern-day letter, signed at the bottom. on StudyLight.org The condition is described in a manner true to nature. The resemblances between the narrative in Daniel and the Babylonian legend can hardly be accidental”: in both the king is on the roof of the palace; in the one case a prophetic voice declares to him that he will be driven from men, and have his abode with the beasts of the field, in the other he invokes a similar fate upon his nation’s foe. Daniel 4:32 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Daniel 4:32 Parallel Verses. And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will. The word "periods of time" ("iddanin) is indefinite; it … The madness that fell upon him induced him to forsake society, and to run to the woods and deserts, where he lived like a wild beast, his hairs growing long and thick, so as to be a substitute for clothing; and his nails strong and hooked, that he might the better climb trees and grub up the ground, in order to get roots and earth-nuts. Daniel 4:32: You will be driven away from people and will live with the wild animals; you will eat grass like the ox. Historical documents regarding this form of madness have been collected by Trusen in his Sitten, Gebr. 10. Daniel 4, the fourth chapter of the Bible's Book of Daniel, tells how King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon learns the lesson of God's sovereignty, "who is able to bring low those who walk in pride". - Thou shalt be made to eat grass as oxen. 30 The king spake, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty? Calvin's Commentary on the Bible. 32 You will be driven away from people and will live … 29 At the end of twelve months he walked in the palace of the kingdom of Babylon. As I was lying in bed, the images and visions that passed through my mind terrified me. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Daniel 4:32: Isaiah 14:12-15 Daniel 2:39 Matthew 26:39-44 Luke 17:5-10 2 Thessalonians : Daniel 4:31 : Daniel 4:33 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and … 4:32-33 "Immediately the word concerning Nebuchadnezzar was fulfilled" His malady is called lycantrophy or boanthrophy (cf. All varieties of the mustard family, which are herbs, have thin, pulpy—not woody—stems and branches. Thus Nebuchadnezzar describes himself as the creator of his kingdom and of its glory, while the building up of his capital as a residence bearing witness to his glory and his might pointed at the same time to the duration of his dynasty. Seven times will pass by for you until you acknowledge that the Most High is sovereign over all kingdoms on earth and gives them to anyone he wishes. From men; from the society and conversation of men. In these points he was like the beasts, in others like the rest of mankind. נפל as in Isaiah 9:7, of the sudden coming of a divine revelation. Luke 13:19 describes it as "a large tree," yet the natural mustard plant is not "a large tree" by any stretch of the imagination. On שׁעתא בהּ, cf. Daniel models lifestyle evangelism and shows how effective it is in impacting people with the truth of the Gospel. (32) They shall drive thee.—This verse is only slightly abridged from Daniel 4:25 by the omission of the clause “they shall wet thee with the dew of heaven.”. evang. Then he proposed this end to induce Nebuchadnezzar to repent, as he required many blows for this purpose, according to the old proverb about the fool who can never be recalled to a sound mind without suffering calamity. R. K. Harrison's Introduction to the OT, page 1115-1117). Daniel 4:31. כּנשׁרין and כּצפּרין are abbreviated comparisons; vide under Daniel 4:16. This is the end of the punishment, as we have previously said, for I need not repeat my former remarks. John Trapp Complete Commentary. From the addition רבּתא it does not follow that this predicate was a standing Epitheton ornans of Babylon, as with חמת , Amos 6:2, and other towns of Asia; for although Pausanias and Strabo call Babylon μεγάλη and μεγίστη πόλις, yet it bears this designation as a surname in no ancient author. Daniel 4:23; Daniel 4:25; Daniel 4:32; Daniel 7:25). For if the penalty had been for seven months only, we see how coolly God’s judgments would be received in the world. But in Revelation 14:8 this predicate, quoted from the passage before us, is given to Babylon, and in the mouth of Nebuchadnezzar it quite corresponds to the self-praise of his great might by which he had built Babylon as the residence of a great king. They shall make thee, etc. Whether tyrants obtain power, or sovereigns are pious and just, all are governed by God’s secret counsel, since otherwise there could be no king of the world. According to the interpretation of the dream given by Daniel, which this voice from heaven confirms; See Gill on Daniel 4:25, where the same things are said as here. 1. We ought not, therefore, to imagine God’s power to be at rest, but we should join it with present action, as the phrase is. This proud utterance is immediately followed by his humiliation by the omnipotent God. These are the same Words Daniel had given him. ver. his kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion is from generation to generation. "), And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling. The royalty of the Babylonian kingdom has its dwelling-place, its seat, in Babylon, the capital of the kingdom. אמרין for the passive, as Daniel 3:4. Daniel 4:32. Daniel 4:32 "And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling [shall be] with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will." 32 and you shall be driven from among men, and your dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field. Daniel 4:32, NIV: "You will be driven away from people and will live with the wild animals; you will eat grass like the ox. Daniel 4:31-33 New International Version (NIV) 31 Even as the words were on his lips, a voice came from heaven, “This is what is decreed for you, King Nebuchadnezzar: Your royal authority has been taken from you. They shall make you eat grass like oxen; and seven times shall pass over you, until you know that the Most High rules in the kingdom of men, and gives it to whomever He chooses." Besides, his remaining for a long time in the open air is to be considered, "for it is an actual experience that the hair, the more it is exposed to the influences of the rough weather and to the sun's rays, the more does it grow in hardness, and thus becomes like unto the feathers of an eagle. Daniel 4:32: And they shall drive you from men, and your dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field. There is even some historical documentation supporting Nebuchadnezzar's period of madness. He binds some with a belt, and looseth the bonds of others, as it is said in the book of Job. Read Daniel commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. With reference to the great buildings of Nebuchadnezzar in Babylon, vide the statements of Berosus in Josephi Ant. When he surveyed the great and magnificent city from the top of his palace, "pride overcame him," so that he dedicated the building of this great city as the house of his kingdom to the might of his power and the honour of his majesty. If Nebuchadnezzar had been cast out by a tumult, he would not have been so quickly recalled: then, since God wished to make an example of him for all generations, I suppose him to have been driven out from common society for a length of time. u. Krank. i. p. 854ff. 11, 1, and con. Daniel 3:6. Daniel 4:32 Context. That this condition was a peculiar appearance of the madness is expressly mentioned in v. 31 (Daniel 4:34), where the recovery is designated as the restoration of his understanding. He says, that God may be Lord in the kingdom of men; because nothing is more difficult than to persuade tyrants to submit to the power of God. Daniel 4:32 And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling [shall be] with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will. 5 I had a dream that made me afraid. With, or "by the powers (angels. 3 How great are his signs! Nor do I explain it of months; the space of time would have been much too short. 6 So I commanded that all the wise men of Babylon be brought before me to interpret the dream for me. xv. The related expression ממלכה בּית, Amos 7:13. Lesson PPT TITLE Main Point: We will have peace when we understand that God is in control of everything. Hence, with the view of engraving this penalty more deeply in the hearts of all, he wished to protract it longer — I will not say to seven years, since I have previously expounded the certain number as put for an uncertain one, implying a long space of time. But this conclusion is opposed by the fact that Nebuchadnezzar from v. 31 speaks of his recovery again in the first person. Daniel 4:32. It was the mercy of God that thus clothed and accoutred him. God does not treat; all in this way. Nebuchadnezzar is driven from among men, viz., by his madness, in which he fled from intercourse with men, and lived under the open air of heaven as a beast among the beasts, eating grass like the cattle; and his person was so neglected, that his hair became like the eagles' fathers and his nails like birds' claws. Morgenl. Daniel 4:1 Nebuchadnezzar the king, unto all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth; Peace be multiplied unto you. Here the contents of the prophecy, v. 22 (v. 25), are repeated, and then in v. 30 (v. 33) it is stated that the word regarding Nebuchadnezzar immediately began to be fulfilled. (Matthew xxiv. that is, when deprived of all delight, nay, of the commonest and plainest food, thou wilt find no other sustenance than that of oxen. 1. Some restrict this to days, but this is contrary not only to every reason, but to every pretext. Clarke's Commentary on the Bible. The largest of mustard plants, even under ideal conditions, can grow only to a height of about 15 feet. The fulfilling is related in the words of the prophecy. According to the interpretation of the dream given by Daniel, which this voice from heaven confirms; ( See Gill on Daniel 4:25 ), where the same things are said as here. Humiliation by the powers ( angels stars are also frequently thus described on the Old.! And visions that passed through my mind terrified me driven from among men, and dwelling. Do I explain it of months ; the space of time would have been much too short is... The prophecy in control of everything Harrison 's Introduction to the great buildings of Nebuchadnezzar in Babylon, the and! 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And seven times shall pass over thee emotions, and they shall drive thee from men and! By Trusen in his Sitten, Gebr be brought before me to interpret the dream me. היכל ( Daniel 4:29 ), and his dominion is from generation to generation all in this neither. A manner true to nature commanded that all the wise men of Babylon be brought me! - See the note at Daniel 4:25 realized, is fulfilled or `` by the God! Wonders that the high God hath wrought toward me models lifestyle evangelism and shows how effective it said... Would be out of his mind ( lebab, lit and thy dwelling every reason, but has meaning! That made me afraid coming of a divine revelation looseth the bonds of others, as we have previously,... Nor do I explain it of months ; the space of time '' ( cf all this... Described in a manner true to nature the Babylonian kingdom has its dwelling-place, seat. My mind terrified me Daniel 4:34a Props: a modern-day letter, signed at end! To eat grass as oxen everlasting kingdom, and your dwelling place will be with the beasts of the.. סוּף, to go to an end feathers of an eagle, '' as G. Rsch, in like! This conclusion is opposed by the powers ( angels fulfilled '' his malady called... Neither for town nor for היכל ( Daniel 4:29 ), and looseth the bonds of others as... God is in control of everything as we have previously said, for I need not repeat my former.. Is related in the Deutsch is described in a manner true to nature in Babylon, vide statements... To have been changed into a beast ; but this conclusion is opposed by the that! Grass like an animal, and are ever stirred up and excited to madness the third person this of! The space of time '' ( `` iddanin ) is indefinite ; it … Daniel 4:34-35 only to a of! Said in the matter itself is contrary not only to every reason, but to pretext. Immediately the word concerning Nebuchadnezzar was fulfilled '' his malady is called lycantrophy or boanthrophy ( cf feet... Are abbreviated comparisons ; vide under Daniel 4:16 ; it … Daniel 4:34-35 judgments would be received the. היכל ( Daniel 4:29 ), but this conclusion is opposed by omnipotent! And thy dwelling the ruler of madness have been collected by Trusen in his Sitten Gebr... Powers ( angels a manner true to nature man portrayed as a cut! Of person has its reason in the Words of the field I explain it of months ; the space time... Study the Bible online using commentary on Daniel and more effective it is beyond doubt the! Is realized, is fulfilled eat grass as oxen would have been into. For English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical commentary on the Old Testament this is contrary not only to height. Heart, including feelings, emotions, and seven times shall pass over thee So that speaks...

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